Sunderlands Bridges and the River Wear

The River Wear is arguably the foundation of the City of Sunderland. Without it providing for and shaping the landscape, settelers might not have chosen to stay on the site and the city might never have been born. Throughout history is has proven itself to be incredubly useful for region and continues to be today.

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Bridges over the Wear

According to Wikipedia, there are currently 81 bridges over the River Wear, starting with Wearhead Bridge all the way along to the Wearmouth Bridge here in Sunderland. The river is around 60 miles long starting in the Pennines and weaves its way from there to the North Sea here.

The Wearmouth and Monkwearmouth Railway Bridges

Here in the City of Sunderland we have 6 bridges that cross over the water. The oldest was the Wearmouth Bridge which was built in 1796. However, this original one was pulled down and a new one, the one we see today, opened in 1929 which was able to support the heavy flow of traffic that crosses over it today.

The next bridge is the Monkwearmouth Railway bridge. This is actaually the oldest surviving bridge in the city as the original Wearmouth Bridge is no more. It was opened in 1879 as an extention to the rail network in the region and brough traines through the city from Newcastle to Darlington. Now of course, it is probably most used by the Metro.

The next bridge is the Queen Alexandra (opened 1909) which was actually opened by the Queen herself. It used to have trains running over the top of it and cars underneath on the remaining road. Remains of the old trainline can still be seen here.

Following on upstream is the newest bridge in the city, the Northern Spire which opened in 2018. The arcitecture of this one is completely different from all the others and looks incredibly modern and sleek.

The Northern Spire

And the final bridge in the Sunderland area is the most borng in my opinion. The Hylton Viaduct which is where the A19 motorway goes over and opened in 1974. There really isn’t much to say about it, except that I hope they have finished all the road works on it by the time I next go on it!

History of the Wear

Of course, the river became famous and highly used during the industrial revolution. Coal minning, limescale quarrying, lead quarrying and the Port of Sunderland all contrubited to the boom on the river. And as a result of all this indrusty, a great number of railway tracks were built along the banks and over the water. Most notably is the Weardale Railway which has become something of a tourism attraction now up in Weardale Valley.

A Tribute to the Mine Entrance

Shipbuilding was a huge part of life on the Wear. This article from the Chronical has a load of photos from the time of shipyards and it is baffling to see the river so busy! Over the years, Sunderland had over 400 shipyards on its banks with the first one opening back in 1336! Conditions were incredibly tough, strikes were a regular occurance and many people were seriously injured of even killed while working on the yards. The last yard on the Wear closed in 1988.

Coal mining was also a massive part of Wearside. Where that Stadium of Light stands today, there once was the Wearside Collery. The mine opened in 1835 and closed in 1993. It was 4 years later in 1997 (which is the year I was born!) that the Stadium opened. Throughout its years in operation there were many accidents and it was considered one of the more dangerous pits in the city. Despite this, it was the last to close in the County Durham Coalfield.

The Legendry Club!

This hisotry can still be seen all the way along the river and is still very present. From this ‘hole in the wall’ which was at one point used to support a mechanism that carried large ammounts of coal from the bank onto ships to some of the other pieces of artwork photographed in this post.

The Staithes from the old collery

The Future

When you walk along the riverside, it is hard to see positives in the area. Between the Monkwearmouth Bridge and the Queen Alexandra Bridge on the northside that path is not very well maintained, it disapeares at one point and you have to just figure it out yourself due to no signage and this problem extends down to the new Northernspire bridge too. Considereing this path is a part of the Coast to Coast cycle route you’d have thought some effort would have gone into the upkeep of this path.

There is a lot of wasted space down here that could be turned into some incredible parks, seating areas, coffee shops and more if some money and effort was put into it.

More Mining Commemorative Artwork

However, the future of the riverside might not be all so bleak. Sunderland Council have invested £100m into the project which they say will create jobs, housing, two new bridges over the river and a whole load of redevelopement.

Sunderland Riverside Masterplan

Althought this Masterplan is a 20 year project and is due to be complete in 2040, I do think it has the potential to make some serious improvements to not only the city centre, but also the riverside. And perhaps if they improve this part and more people come to the riverside, then money will have to put into the upkeep of the rest of the riverside path.

I hope you enjoyed reading this post as much as I enjoyed the research and writing of it. I absolutely love learning about the history of our city and the direction it is heading. If you have enjoyed this then please drop your email address below to be notified of any new posts. And don’t forget to follow me on my social media to stay up to date with all my adventures!

Stay Safe and Happy Adventuring!

Sources:
http://www.bbc.co.uk/wear/content/articles/2008/01/16/shipbuilding_has_been_20_years_feature.shtml
https://www.chroniclelive.co.uk/in-your-area/gallery/shipbuilding-river-wear-15-fascinating-12301539
http://www.dmm.org.uk/colliery/w001.htm
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monkwearmouth_Colliery
https://www.riversidesunderland.com/sites/default/files/2020-10/sunderland_masterplan_relaunch_RevU_spreads.pdf

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